Comprehension Strategies

 

Strategy

Student Definition

What Good Readers Are Thinking…

Making Connections

Good Readers connect what they know with what they are reading.

  • Does this remind me of something?
  • Have this ever happened to me?
  • Do I know someone like him or her? Am I like this character?
  • Have I ever felt this way?
  • What do I already know that will help me understand What I’m reading?

Predicting

Good readers think about what’s going to happen and make predictions based on what they know and what they have read.

  • What do I think will happen next?
  • Since_____ happened, I think _____will happen.
  • While looking over the material before reading, I predict I will learn _____.
  • I’m guessing this will be about_______.
  • This title/heading/picture makes me think_______.
  • Although the author hasn’t told me this, I think ______.

Questioning

Good readers ask themselves questions when they read.

  • What is the author saying?
  • Why is this happening?
  • Why did this character _____?
  • Is this important?
  • This makes me wonder______.
  • How does this information connect with what I have already read?

Monitoring

Good readers stop and think about their reading and know what to do when they don’t understand.

  • Is this making sense?
  • Wait, what’s going on here?
  • What have I learned?
  • Should I slow down? Sped up?
  • Do I need to reread?
  • How do I say this word?
  • What does this word mean?
  • What text clues help me fill in missing information?

Summarizing

Good readers identify the most important ideas and restate them in their own words.

  • This story is mainly about….
  • How is the story organized?
  • The author’s most important ideas were….
  • How does the text’s organization help me?
  • What are the key words?
  • Are the ideas in the text supported with convincing evidence?

Visualizing

Good readers picture what is happening while they read.

  • What are the pictures/senses in my head?
  • What do I hear, taste, smell, or feel?
  • What do the characters, the setting, and the events of the story look like in my mind?
  • Can I picture this new information?

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